NSO Group Technologies is a private firm based in Israel, which specialises in cybersecurity and surveillance. It is particularly known for creating tools which allow access to individuals’ mobile phones without their knowledge. The company logo is made up of the letters NSO which represent the names of the company’s three founders: Niv Carmi, Shalev Hulio and Omri Lavie. The NSO group has come under significant global scrutiny and has been the target of several lawsuits after accusations that the firm's software has been sold to authoritarian regimes for the purpose of state surveillance against journalists and human rights activists. Omar Abdulaziz, a Saudi dissident based in Canada, alleges that Saudi officials used Pegasus to hack his phone and access his conversations with Washington Post journalist Jamal Khashoggi, who was later murdered by Saudi government operatives.